STAUNTON AND JAMES RIVER TURNPIKE The Staunton And James River Turnpike Ran Thro ...
Stockphoto ID: 3558745
File name: 141_4182.JPG
Format: digital, 5000+ pixels longest side
Property release: no Model release: no
Source: photographer Based in: United States
Description: STAUNTON AND JAMES RIVER TURNPIKE The Staunton and James River Turnpike ran through here at Batesville and stretched for 43 1 / 2 miles from Staunton to Scottsville . Construction began in 1826 and was completed by 1830 . The turnpike provided a direct route for Shenandoah Valley farmers to transport agricultural products to Scottsville , then to Richmond via the James River and Kanawha Canal . Because the turnpike became impassable during wet weather , it was converted to a plank road ( wooden boards laid crosswise to the road surface ) beginning in 1849 . The emergence of the railroad industry and the high cost of maintenance resulted in its disuse by the late 1850s and eventual incorporation into the countrys road system . Department of Historic Resources , 2003