QUANAH PARKER Comanche Chief Quanah Parker Was A Son Of Two Cultures . He Was Bo ...
Stockphoto ID: 3554560
File name: 20130420 - Texas (Travel)-B131509.JPG
Format: digital, 5000+ pixels longest side
Property release: no Model release: no
Source: photographer Based in: United States
Description: QUANAH PARKER Comanche chief Quanah Parker was a son of two cultures . He was born about 1845 along Elk Creek , Indian Territory ( Oklahoma ) . His Anglo mother was Cynthia Ann Parker , taken captive in a May 1836 raid and adopted by Qua Ha Di ( Antelope ) Comanches , and his father was Comanche chief Peta Nocona . Texas Rangers reclaimed Cynthia Ann in an 1860 fight at the Pease River . Nocona died soon after , and Cynthia Ann lived with relatives near Birdville in Tarrant County before dying with no further contact with her Comanche family . Becoming chief upon his fathers death , Quanah refused to sign the 1867 Medicine Lodge Treaty that sent many Plains Indians to reservations . Instead , he led raids in Texas and Mexico for another seven years , likely including the last foray into Tarrant County in June 1871 . That winter , Quanahs band eluded Col . Ranald MacKenzies Fourth U . S . Cavalry across the Texas panhandle . Comanche losses during the 1874 Panhandle Battle of Adobe Walls , in which Quanah was wounded , followed by a harsh winter , finally brought him and fewer than 100 remaining Qua Ha Di to the reservation at Fort Sill , Indian Territory in May 1875 . Quanah served as liaison between his people and the Bureau of Indian Affairs . He proved to be a pragmatic leader , encouraging the Comanches to take up ranching and farming , and to educate their children in government schools . Quanah prospered through his investments and built his spacious ÒStar HouseÓ near Cache , OK . He traveled widely , giving speeches and interviews and participating in wild west shows , the Texas State Fair , Texas Cattle Raisers Association gathering and the Fort Worth Fat Stock Show . Quanah visited Fort Worth and the Stockyards on many occasions . He died in 1911 and is buried at Fort Sill .