Tomb Of James ( Bene Hezir Tomb , Left ) And Tomb Of Zechariah ( Right ) , Kidro ...
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Description: Tomb of James ( Bene Hezir Tomb , left ) and Tomb of Zechariah ( right ) , Kidron Valley , Jerusalem , Israel . From : Yale Divinity School http : / / research . yale . edu : 8084 / divdl / eikon / objectdetail . jsp s objectid=3831 The Tombs of James and Zechariah lie outside the walls of the Old City , in the Kidron Valley . Although the tomb on the left has traditionally been identified as that of James , the head of the early church in Jerusalem , an inscription inside the tomb establishes it as the tomb of the Bene Hezir , the sons of Hezir . The inscription is translated as follows : This the tomb and the nephesh of Eleazer , Haniah , Joazar , Iehudah , Shimeon , Iohannan , ( the ) sons of Joseph sone of Obed ( and also ) of Joseph and Eleazer ( the ) sons of Haniah , priests ( of the family ) of the sons of Hezir . ( Finnegan , 307 ) The inscription appears to be from the 1st c . CE , presumably , a later addition to the tomb structure itself . The name Hezir appears in 1 Chronicles 24 : 15 , in a list of the heads of priestly houses . The name Hezir is also present in a list of priestly names signed to the covenant in Nehemiah 10 : 20 . It is not clear how this particular tomb came to be associated with James . Eusebius account of James death , taken from Hegesippus , records that he was thrown from the Temple parapet and clubbed to death . His report states , " He was buried on the spot , by the Sanctuary , and his headstone is still there by the Sanctuary " ( Church History II , 23 ) . Early Chrisitan tradition may have established that James fell from the parapet into the Kidron Valley , thus associating the Hezir monument with James tomb . The Tomb of Zechariah , dating from the 1st c . BCE , is monolith carved out of the cliff side . There is not entrance into the structure , implying that is a monument and not an actual place of burial . It is traditionally associated with Zechariah , whose death is recounted in II Chronicles 24 : 20 22 .