Hadrians Wall Extended West Segedunum At Wallsend On The River Tyne To The Shore ...
Stockphoto ID: 1210844
File name: HadriansWall17.jpg
Format: film, 35mm
Property release: no Model release: no
Source: photographer Based in: Australia
Description: Hadrians Wall extended west Segedunum at Wallsend on the River Tyne to the shore of the Solway Firth The A69 and B6318 roads follow the course of the wall as it starts in Newcastle upon Tyne to Carlisle , then on round the northern coast of Cumbria The Wall is entirely in England and south of the border with Scotland by 15 kilometres ( 9 mi ) in the west and 110 kilometres ( 68 mi ) in the east Hadrians Wall was 200 Roman miles ( 183 8 modern miles or 300 kilometres ) long , its width and height dependent on the construction materials which were available nearby : east of the River Irthing the wall was made from squared stone and measured 45 Roman feet ( 9 7 ft or 3 m ) wide and 5 to 6 metres ( 16–20 ft ) tall ; west of the river the wall was made from turf and measured 6 metres ( 20 ft ) wide and 3 5 metres ( 11 5 ft ) high This does not include the walls ditches , berms , and forts The central section measured 8 Roman feet wide ( 7 8 ft or 2 4 m ) on a 10 foot base Hadrians Wall ( Latin : Vallum Hadrian ) is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of Great Britain The wall was the northern border of the Empire in Britain for much of the Roman Empires rule , and also the most heavily fortified border in the Empire In addition to its use as a military fortification , it is thought that the gates through the wall would also have served as customs posts to allow trade taxation It was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 English Heritage , a government organization in charge of managing the historic environment of England , describes it as " the most important monument built by the Romans in Britain " UK Europe
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